|Alan Garrow Didache|
the problem page
Once Markan Priority is accepted three simple solutions to the Synoptic Problem become available:
1. Luke used Matthew;
2. Matthew used Luke; or
3. Matthew and Luke both independently used Q.
The adoption of Option 1 requires the demonstration of its superiority to Option 2.
The adoption of Option 3 requires the elimination of both Option 1 and Option 2.
Regrettably, almost every attempt to solve the Synoptic Problem over the past 200 years has assumed the non-viability of Option 2 – but without direct investigation.
The recent resurgence of interest in the case for Matthew’s use of Luke (Huggins, Powell, Hengel, MacEwen, and Garrow) has brought this embarrassing omission to light.
This paper asks the long overdue question: Why not Matthew’s use of Luke?
Alan Garrow is Vicar of St Peter's Harrogate and a member of SIIBS at the University of Sheffield.